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Rate-Controlled Constrained-Equilibrium Calculations of Ethanol-Oxygen Mixture

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohammad Janbozorgi, Yue Gao, Hameed Metghalchi

Northeastern University

James C. Keck

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Paper No. IMECE2006-15667, pp. 305-314; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2006-15667
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Energy Conversion and Resources
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4783-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The Rate-Controlled Constrained-Equilibrium method (RCCE) is a powerful technique for simplifying the treatment of chemical reactions in complex systems. The method is based on the assumption that slow chemical reactions impose constraints on the allowed composition of such systems. Since the number of constraints can be very much smaller than the number of species, the number of rate equations to be integrated can be considerably reduced. In the present work, a kinetic scheme with 55 species and 366 reactions has been used to investigate stoichiometric Ethanol-oxygen mixture in a constant energy constant volume chamber. The state of the system was determined by three fixed elemental constraints: elemental carbon, elemental oxygen and elemental hydrogen and six variable constraints: moles of fuel, moles of fuel radicals, total number of moles, moles of free valence, moles of free oxygen, moles of OH+O+H. The 9 rate equations for the constraint potentials (LaGrange multipliers associated with the constraints) were integrated over a range of 1400 K-1700 K for initial temperature and 1atm-10atm for initial pressure. The RCCE calculations were in good agreement with detailed calculations and were faster than detailed calculations, which required integration of 55 species rate equations.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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