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Prediction of Mercury Speciation in Coal-Combustion Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
Neelesh S. Bhopatkar, Heng Ban

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Thomas K. Gale

Southern Research Institute

Paper No. IMECE2006-15502, pp. 277-285; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2006-15502
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Energy Conversion and Resources
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4783-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

This study is a part of a comprehensive investigation, to conduct bench-, pilot-, and full-scale experiments and theoretical studies to elucidate the fundamental mechanisms associated with mercury oxidation and capture in coal-fired power plants. The objective was to quantitatively describe the mechanisms governing adsorption, desorption, and oxidation of mercury in coal-fired flue gas carbon, and establish reaction-rate constants based on experimental data. A chemical-kinetic model was developed which consists of homogeneous mercury oxidation reactions as well as heterogeneous mercury adsorption reactions on carbon surfaces. The homogeneous mercury oxidation mechanism has eight reactions for mercury oxidation. The homogeneous mercury oxidation mechanism quantitatively predicts the extent of mercury oxidation for some of datasets obtained from synthetic flue gases. However, the homogeneous mechanism alone consistently under predicts the extent of mercury oxidation in full scale and pilot scale units containing actual flue gas. Heterogeneous reaction mechanisms describe how unburned carbon or activated carbon can effectively remove mercury by adsorbing hydrochloric acid (HCI) to form chlorinated carbon sites, releasing the hydrogen. The elemental mercury may react with chlorinated carbon sites to form sorbed HgCl. Thus mercury is removed from the gas-phase and stays adsorbed on the carbon surface. Predictions using this model have very good agreement with experimental results.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Coal

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