0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Speciation of Chlorine and Alkali Metals in Biomass Combustion and Gasification

[+] Author Affiliations
Pavankumar Sonwane, Heng Ban

University of Alabama at Birmingham

Thomas K. Gale

Southern Research Institute

Paper No. IMECE2006-15032, pp. 259-265; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2006-15032
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Energy Conversion and Resources
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4783-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Alkali metals, mainly sodium and potassium, together with other ash forming inorganic components in biomass increases fouling, slagging, and high temperature corrosion during biomass combustion or gasification. To reduce the amount of alkali vapor to an acceptable level, which may be affected by Si, Al, Ca, S, Mg, and P, the information on the speciation of alkali metals is essential. In this study, thermodynamic equilibrium calculations were performed to determine the distribution and mode of occurrence of gaseous chlorine and alkali metals of three types of biomass (corn stover, switch grass, and wheat straw) in combustion and gasification processes. The influence of temperature, pressure, and air-fuel ratio was also evaluated. Results show that the excess air has limited influence on the speciation of chlorine and potassium during combustion. However, the influence of the excess air is significant during gasification. Increasing excess air enhances the formation of vapor HCl and KOH as well as reduction in vapor KCl and K2 Cl2. In biomass combustion and gasification, increasing pressure increases vapor HCl and K2 Cl2 and reduces the amount of vapor KCl and KOH. At higher temperatures (>1100K), the gaseous alkali species increased greatly. The results will be useful in the better development of hot gas clean-up technologies.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In