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IN2TEC: A Multidisciplinary Research Project Involving Researchers, Students and Industry

[+] Author Affiliations
M. M. Neves, J. L. Cunha, P. M. Arezes, C. P. Leão, S. F. C. F. Teixeira, P. Lobarinhas, J. C. Teixeira

University of Minho

Paper No. IMECE2006-14916, pp. 451-456; 6 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Manufacturing Engineering and Textile Engineering
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division and Textile Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4774-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Bearing in mind that undergraduate students must get involved in research and that local industry must be a university partner, the School of Engineering, from University of Minho, has taken the initiative in funding some technical research projects in specifically defined areas (http://www.eng.uminho.pt). In this context, one of the projects founded concerns the development and testing of functional knitting which can be used with success in the lining of a shoe. The study of shoe comfort is of great importance to sport and leisure footwear manufactures, because in these particular situations, moisture disposal over a number of hours is a main problem. Three structures which combine different raw materials (soybean fiber, bamboo fiber, corn fiber, cotton, polypropylene and polyester) have been manufactured by a local textile factory. A group of students mainly from Mechanical and Textile Engineering classes are currently testing these knitting in terms of their water vapor and air permeability and other physical parameters at the laboratory. Tests with a thermal manikin have been used to measure its thermal insulation. A transient model for heat and mass transfer in a fabric has been implemented. From the solution, temperature and vapor density profiles in the fabric thickness can be obtained as well as, the amount of water dissolved in the fabric. This model has been integrated with an existing human thermal comfort model. Thermal comfort surveys are now being made at the Ergonomics Laboratory of the University of Minho with undergraduate Mechanical and Industrial Engineering students, wearing sport shoes manufactured by a local footwear factory, and these results can be compared using statistical analysis, with the experimental and numerical results already obtained.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Students



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