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Numerical Simulation of Thermoplastics in a Short Pulsed Laser Welding Process

[+] Author Affiliations
Richard A. Whalen, Gregory J. Kowalski

Northeastern University

Paper No. IMECE2006-14125, pp. 345-351; 7 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Manufacturing Engineering and Textile Engineering
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division and Textile Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4774-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


A numerical simulation code is developed and used to investigate the differences in thermal behavior and the size of the heat affected zone (HAZ) in a short pulsed transmission laser welding process (>0.5 ps (1/e2 )). The numerical model uses both a Fourier and Hyperbolic thermal model. The welding process involves the lap welding of two thin layers of thermoplastic films. The investigated welding conditions are transparent material over a semi-transparent or opaque material. The results provide temperature profiles that illustrate the differences between the predicted temperatures of the two thermal models as well as the effects of laser intensity and material thermo-physical properties.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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