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Stream-of-Variation (SOVA) Modeling II: A Generic 3D Variation Model for Rigid Body Assembly in Multi Station Assembly Processes

[+] Author Affiliations
Wenzhen Huang

University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth

Jijun Lin

Massacusetts Institute of Technology

Zhenyu Kong

Dimensional Control Systems, Inc.

Dariusz Ceglarek

University of Wisconsin at Madison

Paper No. IMECE2006-13909, pp. 323-333; 11 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Manufacturing Engineering and Textile Engineering
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division and Textile Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4774-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


A 3D rigid assembly modeling technique is developed for stream of variation analysis (SOVA) in multi-station processes. An assembly process is modeled as a spatial indexed state transition dynamic system. The model takes into account product and process factors such as: part-to-fixture, part-to-part and inter-station interactions, which represent the influences coming from both tooling errors and part errors. The incorporation of the virtual fixture concept [14] and inter-station interaction leads to the generic, unified SOVA model formulation. An automatic model generation technique is also developed for surmounting difficulties in modeling based on first principles. It enhances the applicability in modeling complex assemblies. The developed SOVA methodology outperforms the current simulation based techniques in computation efficiency, not only in forward analysis of complex assembly systems (tolerance analysis, sensitivity analysis), but it is also more powerful in backward analysis (tolerance synthesis and dimensional fault diagnosis). The model is validated using industrial case studies and series of simulations conducted using standardized industrial software (3DCS).

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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