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Numerical Simulation of Supersonic MHD Channel Flows

[+] Author Affiliations
R. S. Amano, Zhenyu Xu

University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Chun-Hian Lee

Beihang University, Beijing, China

Paper No. DETC2007-35129, pp. 669-676; 8 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 27th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, September 4–7, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4803-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3806-4
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


A compressible magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) model composed of MHD Navier-Stokes (N-S) equations and magnetic induction equations is proposed in the present study for analyzing the magneto hydrodynamic characteristics in the MHD generator and MHD accelerator channels of the Magneto-Plasma-Chemical propulsion system. Baldwin-Lomax turbulence model is utilized. A splitting algorithm based on an alternative iteration is also developed for solving the two sets of equations. As a test case, a supersonic MHD flow in a square duct was simulated. The numerical results are compared with the results computed by solving the classical N-S equations for the perfect gas flow, together with the results computed utilizing the degenerate MHD N-S equations for the same channel flow with constant applied magnetic field. The thermo-electro-magnetic performances of the test cases with constant and variable applied fields are then discussed.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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