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Unsteady Three-Dimensional Analysis of Inlet Distortion in a Transonic Fan

[+] Author Affiliations
Peng Sun, Guotal Feng

Harbin Institute of Technology

Paper No. IMECE2006-13145, pp. 243-250; 8 pages
  • ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Fluids Engineering
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, November 5 – 10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4770-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3790-4
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


A time-accurate three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver of the unsteady flow field in a transonic fan was carried out using "Fluent-parallel" in a parallel supercomputer. The numerical simulation focused on a transonic fan with inlet square wave total pressure distortion and the analysis of result consisted of three aspects. The first was about inlet parameters redistribution and outlet total temperature distortion induced by inlet total pressure distortion. The pattern and causation of flow loss caused by pressure distortion in rotor were analyzed secondly. It was found that the influence of distortion was different at different radial positions. In hub area, transportation-loss and mixing-loss were the main loss patterns. Distortion not only complicated them but enhanced them. Especially in stator, inlet total pressure distortion induced large-scale vortex, which produced backflow and increased the loss. While in casing area, distortion changed the format of shock wave and increased the shock loss. Finally, the format of shock wave and the hysteresis of rotor to distortion were analyzed in detail.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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