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Unsteady Effect in a Nozzled Turbocharger Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Srithar Rajoo, R. F. Martinez-Botas

Imperial College London, London, UK

Paper No. GT2007-28323, pp. 1159-1170; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4795-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


The unsteady behavior of a nozzled turbocharger turbine under pulsating flow conditions has been studied experimentally in a cold flow test facility that replicates engine pulses. The results presented are obtained at a turbine speed of 48000 rpm for pulsating frequencies of 40Hz and 60Hz (which correspond to 1600rpm and 2400rpm in a twin turbocharger six cylinder internal combustion engine). The turbine unsteady behavior is compared for nozzle vane angles ranging between 40° and 70°. A nozzled turbocharger turbine is found to behave differently from a nozzleless turbine under pulsating flow. The existence of a nozzle ring “damps” the unsteady flow leading to a reduced level of flow dynamics affecting the turbine wheel for all vane angles. The bigger volume in the nozzled turbine is also another contributing factor to the observed characteristics. The results are more pronounced in the higher frequency and maximum vane opening condition. Given this “damping” behavior, the concept of unsteady efficiency is questioned. The level of unsteadiness in the flow is characterized by the relevant non-dimensional parameters and the onset of the unsteadiness in the flow and its effect on a nozzled turbocharger turbine is discussed. The onset of the unsteady effect is suggested to be at 40Hz flow condition. However, the nozzled turbine exhibits more of a filling and emptying characteristics for both the frequency conditions, especially at close nozzle position cases. The effect of unsteadiness on the instantaneous efficiency calculation is more pronounce in the nozzled turbine compared to a nozzleless turbine.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Turbines



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