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Unsteady Loss Production Mechanisms in Low Reynolds Number, High Lift, Low Pressure Turbine Profiles

[+] Author Affiliations
Benigno J. Lazaro, Ezequiel Gonzalez

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Raul Vazquez

ITP – Industria de Turbo Propulsores, San Fernando de Henares, Spain

Paper No. GT2007-28142, pp. 895-903; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-28142
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4795-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

The loss production mechanisms that occur in modern high lift, low pressure turbine profiles operating at low Reynolds numbers and subjected to periodic incoming wakes generated by an upstream located, moving bars mechanism, have been experimentally investigated. In particular, laser-Doppler and hot-wire anemometry have been used to obtain spatially and temporally resolved characterizations of the suction side boundary layer structure at the profile trailing edge. Phase measurements locked to the motion of the upstream moving bars have been used to analyze the effect of the incoming wakes on the suction side boundary layer response, which accounts for most of the profile loss generation. It is observed that the incoming wakes produce a temporal modulation of the boundary layer momentum thickness. This modulation appears to be connected to shedding of rotational flow from the recirculation bubble that develops in the suction side of high lift, low pressure turbine profiles. Furthermore, the momentum thickness reduction and subsequent increase that occurs after the wake passage appears to be related to the unsteady process leading to the recovery of the suction side recirculation bubble. The effect of the wake passage frequency and back surface adverse pressure gradient on the above described mechanisms is also investigated. Conclusions obtained can help understanding the unsteady response of modern low pressure turbine profiles operating in the low Reynolds number regime.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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