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Effects of Off-Design Operating Conditions on the Blade Row Interaction in a HP Turbine Stage

[+] Author Affiliations
G. Persico, P. Gaetani, C. Osnaghi

Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Paper No. GT2007-27185, pp. 503-517; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27185
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4795-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

An extensive experimental analysis on the subject of the unsteady periodic flow in a highly subsonic HP turbine stage has been carried out at the Laboratorio di Fluidodinamica delle Macchine (LFM) of the Politecnico di Milano (Italy). In this paper the blade row interaction is progressively enforced by increasing the stator and rotor blade loading and by reducing the stator-rotor axial gap from 100% (very large to smooth the rotor inlet unsteadiness) to 35% (design configuration) of the stator axial chord. The time-averaged three-dimensional flow field in the stator-rotor gap was investigated by means of a conventional five-hole probe for the nominal (0°) and an highly positive (+22°) stator incidences. The evolution of the viscous flow structures downstream of the stator is presented to characterize the rotor incoming flow. The blade row interaction was evaluated on the basis of unsteady aerodynamic measurements at the rotor exit, performed with a fast-response aerodynamic pressure probe. Results show a strong dependence of the time-averaged and phase-resolved flow field and of the stage performance on the stator incidence. The structure of the vortex-blade interaction changes significantly as the magnitude of the rotor inlet vortices increases, and very different residual traces of the stator secondary flows are found downstream of the rotor. On the contrary, the increase of rotor loading enhances the unsteadiness in the rotor secondary flows but has a little effect on the vortex-vortex interaction. For the large axial gap, a reduction of stator-related effects at the rotor exit is encountered when the stator incidence is increased as a result of the different mixing rate within the cascade gap.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Design , Turbines , Blades

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