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Computational Analysis of Scroll Tongue Shapes to Compressor Performance by Using Different Turbulence Models

[+] Author Affiliations
Cheng Xu, R. S. Amano

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Paper No. GT2007-28224, pp. 1487-1502; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-28224
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

A scroll is used to collect and transport swirling fluid produced by impeller or diffuser. Scroll or volute is one of the key components of centrifugal compressors. Design of the scroll not only impacts compressor efficiency but also influences operating range of the compressor. In this study, navier-stokes equations combined with both an zero-equation turbulence model and the k-ε turbulence model were used to simulate the flows inside a single stage compressor. Detailed flow simulations for a large cut back tongue scroll were presented and discussed. Studies showed that a large cut back rounded tongue scroll provided good operating range without dropping compressor peak efficiency dramatically. The turbulence model influences to the calculation were discussed and some suggestions for scroll flow modeling were made. The numerical results obtained using two turbulence models were compared and showed agreement reasonably well with experiments. Although the k-ε model behaves well inside the boundary layer, it was not decisively better than the zero-equation model for the performance predictions.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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