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On the Response of a Strongly Diffusing Flow to Propagating Wakes

[+] Author Affiliations
J. P. Gostelow

University of Leicester, Leicester, UK

R. L. Thomas

Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

D. S. Adebayo

Leicester University, Leicester, UK

Paper No. GT2007-28237, pp. 1105-1113; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-28237
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Further evidence on the similarities between transition and separation phenomena occurring in turbomachinery and wind tunnel flows is provided by measurements on a large scale flat plate under a strong adverse pressure gradient. The flat plate has a long laminar separation bubble and is subjected to a range of disturbances with triggering caused by injection of a transverse jet and subsequently by wakes generated by rods moving transversely upstream of the leading edge. Wakes were originally presented individually. Each individual wake provoked a vigorous turbulent patch, resulting in the instantaneous collapse of the separation bubble. This was followed by a very strong, and stable, calmed region. Following the lead given by the experiments of Gutmark and Blackwelder on triggered turbulent spots, wakes were then presented in pairs at different wake spacing intervals. In this way wake interaction effects could be investigated in more detail. As in the work on triggered turbulent spots the spacing between impinging wakes was systematically varied; it was found that for close wake spacings the calmed region acted to suppress the turbulence in the following turbulent patch. To investigate whether this phenomenon was a recurring one, or whether the flow then reverted back to its unperturbed state, the experiments were repeated with three and four rods instead of two. This has the potential for making available a wide range of variables including direction and speed of rod rotation. It was found that the subsequent wakes were also suppressed by the calming effect. It may be anticipated that this repeating situation is present in a turbomachine, resulting in hidden benefits for blade count and efficiency. There may also conceivably be blade loading advantages whilst retaining favorable heat transfer conditions in high pressure turbines or stall margin in axial compressors. The inherent and prospective benefits of the calming effect therefore need to be understood thoroughly and new opportunities exploited where this is feasible.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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