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Aerodynamics of a Low-Pressure Turbine Airfoil at Low-Reynolds Numbers: Part 2 — Blade-Wake Interaction

[+] Author Affiliations
Ali Mahallati

National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Steen A. Sjolander

Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Paper No. GT2007-27348, pp. 1025-1037; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27348
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

The relative motion of rotor and stator blade rows causes periodically unsteady flows that influence the performance of airfoils through their effects on the boundary layer development. Part 1 of this two-part paper described the influence of Reynolds number, freestream turbulence intensity and turbulence length scales on a low-pressure (LP) high-lift turbine airfoil, PakB, under steady inlet flow conditions. The aerodynamic behaviour of the same airfoil under the influence of incoming wakes is presented in Part 2. The unsteady effects of wakes from a single upstream blade-row were measured in a low-speed linear cascade facility at Reynolds numbers of 25000, 50000 and 100000 and at two freestream turbulence intensity levels of 0.4% and 4%. In addition, eight reduced frequencies between 0.53 and 3.2, at three flow coefficients of 0.5, 0.7 and 1.0 were examined. The complex wake-induced transition, flow separation and reattachment on the suction surface boundary layer was determined from an array of closely-spaced surface hot-film sensors. The wake-induced transition caused the separated boundary layer to reattach to the suction surface at all conditions examined. The time-varying profile losses were measured downstream of the trailing edge. Profile losses increase with decreasing Reynolds number and the influence of increased freestream turbulence intensity is only evident in between wake-passing events at low reduced frequencies. At higher values of reduced frequency, the losses increase slightly and for the cases examined here, losses were slightly larger at lower flow coefficients than the higher flow coefficients. An optimum wake-passing frequency was observed at which the profile losses were a minimum.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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