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Effects of Reynolds Number and Freestream Turbulence Intensity on the Unsteady Boundary Layer Development on an Ultra-High-Lift LPT Airfoil

[+] Author Affiliations
Xue Feng Zhang

National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Howard Hodson

Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

Paper No. GT2007-27274, pp. 1001-1010; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27274
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

The effects of Reynolds numbers and the freestream turbulence intensities (FSTI) on the unsteady boundary layer development on an ultra-high-lift low-pressure (LP) turbine airfoil, so-called T106C, are investigated. The measurements were carried out at both Tu = 0.5% and 4.0% within a range of Reynolds numbers, based on the blade chord and the isentropic exit velocity, between 100,000 and 260,000. The interaction between the unsteady wake and the boundary layer depends on both the strength of the wake and the status of the boundary layer. At Tu = 0.5%, both the wake’s high turbulence and the negative jet behaviour of the wake dominate the interaction between the unsteady wake and the separated boundary layer on the suction surface of the airfoil. Since the wake turbulence cannot induce transition before separation on this ultra-high-lift blade, the negative jet of the wake has the opportunity to induce a rollup vortex. At Tu = 4.0%, the time-mean separation on the suction surface is much smaller. With elevated FSTI, the turbulence in the wake just above the boundary layer is no longer distinguishable from the background turbulence level. The unsteady boundary layer transition is dominated by the wake’s negative jet induced boundary layer variation.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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