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Effects of Obstructions and Surface Roughness on Film Cooling Effectiveness With and Without a Transverse Trench

[+] Author Affiliations
Ruwan P. Somawardhana, David G. Bogard

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Paper No. GT2007-28003, pp. 789-797; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


Recent studies have shown that film cooling with holes imbedded in a shallow trench significantly improve cooling performance. In this study, the performance of shallow trench configurations were investigated for simulated deteriorated surface conditions, i.e. increased surface roughness and near hole obstructions. Experiments were conducted on the suction side of a scaled-up simulated turbine vane. Results from the study indicated that as much as 50% degradation occurred with upstream obstructions, but downstream obstructions actually enhanced film cooling effectiveness. However, the transverse trench configuration performed significantly better than the traditional cylindrical holes, both with and without obstructions and almost eliminated the effects of both surface roughness and obstructions.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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