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Leading Edge Film Cooling and the Influence of Shaped Holes at Design and Off-Design Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Guillaume Wagner, Peter Ott

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland

Gregory Vogel, Shailendra Naik

ALSTOM, Baden, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2007-27715, pp. 577-587; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27715
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Transient liquid crystal experiments have been carried out to measure the effectiveness and heat transfer characteristics of leading-edge film cooling for three different film cooling holes configurations at design and off-design incidence angle. The three configurations are based on the same representative leading edge model of a turbine blade, consisting of a symmetrical blunt body with a specific leading edge wedge angle. Film cooling is introduced from two rows of cooling holes, representative of a pressure-side row and a suction-side row. At design incidence, film cooling performances are symmetric. There is a jet lift-off situation and shaped holes significantly improve the film cooling performances because of a better lateral coverage and a reduced coolant momentum at the hole exit. At 5° off-design incidence angle, on the suction side, the situation is similar to that of a 0° incidence but with higher film cooling performances due to a reduced local blowing ratio. At 5° incidence on the pressure side, a beneficial interaction between the jets of the pressure side row appears. For middle and high blowing ratio, the film cooling performances are also better than 0° incidence. At 5° incidence on the pressure side, shaped holes also improve the film cooling performances in comparison to cylindrical holes.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Design

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