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Unsteady Turbine Blade and Tip Heat Transfer Due to Wake Passing

[+] Author Affiliations
Ali A. Ameri

Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

David L. Rigby, James Heidmann, John C. Fabian

NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH

Erlendur Steinthorsson

A&E Consulting, Westlake, OH

Paper No. GT2007-27550, pp. 507-515; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27550
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3

abstract

The geometry and the flow conditions of the first stage turbine blade of GE’s E3 engine have been used to obtain the unsteady three-dimensional blade and tip heat transfer. The isothermal wall boundary condition was used. The effect of the upstream wake of the first stage vane was of interest and was simulated by provision of a “gust” type boundary condition upstream of the blades. A one blade periodic domain was used. The consequence of this choice was explored in a preliminary study which showed little difference in the time mean heat transfer between a 1:1 and 2:3 vane/blade domains. The full three-dimensional computations are of the blade having a clearance gap of 2% the span. Comparison between the time averaged unsteady and steady heat transfer is provided. It is shown that there is a significant difference between the steady and time mean of unsteady blade heat transfer in localized regions. The differences on the suction side of the blade in the near hub and near tip regions were found to be rather significant. Steady analysis underestimated the blade heat transfer by as much as 20% as compared to the time average obtained from the unsteady analysis. As for the blade tip, the steady analysis and the unsteady analysis gave results to within two percent.

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