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Computational Analysis of Surface Curvature Effect on Mist Film Cooling Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Xianchang Li

Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

Ting Wang

University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA

Paper No. GT2007-27434, pp. 433-443; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27434
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Air film cooling has been widely employed to cool gas turbine hot components such as combustor liners, combustor transition pieces, turbine vanes and blades. Enhancing air film cooling by injecting mist with tiny water droplets with diameters of 5–10μm has been studied in the past on flat surfaces. This paper focuses on computationally investigating the curvature effect on mist/air film cooling enhancement, specifically for film cooling near the leading edge and on the curved surfaces. Numerical simulations are conducted for both 2-D and 3-D settings at low and high operating conditions. The results show, with a nominal blowing ratio of 1.33, air-only adiabatic film cooling effectiveness on the curved surface is less than on a flat surface. The concave (pressure) surface has a better cooling effectiveness than the convex (suction) surface, and the leading edge film cooling has the lowest performance due to main flow impinging against the coolant injection. By adding 2% (weight) mist, film cooling effectiveness can be enhanced approximately 40% at the leading edge, 60% on the concave surface, and 30% on the convex surface. The leading edge film cooling can be significantly affected by changing of the incident angle due to startup or part-load operation. The film cooling coverage could switch from the suction side to the pressure side and leave the surface of the other part unprotected by the cooling film. Under real gas turbine operating conditions at high temperature, pressure, and velocity, mist cooling enhancement could achieve 20% and provides a wall cooling of approximately 180K.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Cooling

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