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Film Cooling Measurements for Cratered Cylindrical Inclined Holes

[+] Author Affiliations
Yiping Lu, Alok Dhungel, Srinath V. Ekkad

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Ronald S. Bunker

GE Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY

Paper No. GT2007-27386, pp. 329-338; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27386
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Film cooling performance is studied for cylindrical holes embedded in craters. Different crater geometries are considered for a typical crater depth. Cratered holes may occur when blades are coated with thermal barrier coating layers by masking the hole area during TBC spraying resulting in hole surrounded by TBC layer. The film performance and behavior is expected to be different for the cratered holes compared to standard cylindrical holes. Detailed heat transfer coefficient and film effectiveness measurements are obtained simultaneously using a single test transient IR thermography technique. The study is performed at a single mainstream Reynolds number based on free-stream velocity and film hole diameter of 11000 at four different coolant-to-mainstream blowing ratios of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0. The results show that film cooling effectiveness is slightly enhanced by cratering of holes but a substantial increase in heat transfer enhancement negates the benefits of higher film effectiveness. Three different crater geometries are studied and compared to a baseline flush cylindrical hole, a trenched hole, and a typical diffuser shaped hole. CFD simulation using Fluent was also performed to determine the jet-mainstream interactions associated with the experimental surface measurements.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Measurement

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