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Effects of Regular and Random Roughness on the Heat Transfer and Skin Friction Coefficient on the Suction Side of a Gas Turbine Vane

[+] Author Affiliations
Jason E. Dees, David G. Bogard

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Paper No. GT2007-27285, pp. 279-286; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27285
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2007, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4793-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Skin friction coefficients and heat transfer coefficients are measured for a range of regular and random roughnesses on the suction side of a simulated gas turbine vane. The skin friction coefficients are calculated using boundary layer data and the momentum integral method. High resolution surface temperature data measured with an IR camera yields local heat transfer values. 80 grit, 50 grit, 36 grit, and 20 grit sandpaper, along with a regular array of conical roughness elements are tested. Measured skin friction coefficient data shows that the conical roughness array behaves very similarly to the 50 grit, 36 grit, and 20 grit sandpapers in terms of the effect of the roughness on the hydrodynamic boundary layer. In terms of heat transfer, the conical roughness array is most similar to the 80 grit sandpaper, which are both lower than the roughest sandpapers tested. This data shows that the particular regular array of roughness elements tested has fundamentally different behavior than randomly rough surfaces for this position on the simulated turbine vane. In addition, this difference is in the opposite direction as seen in previous experimental studies. In order to draw a more general conclusion about the nature of random and regular roughness, a parametric study of regular roughness arrays should be performed.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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