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The Effects of Fuel Dilution With Steam on Gas Turbine Combustor Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Yu Lei, Yufeng Cui, Gang Xu, Chaoqun Nie, Weiguang Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2007-27681, pp. 525-530; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27681
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Turbo Expo 2007
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4791-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

The formation of nitrogen oxides (NOx ) in combustion systems is a significant pollutant source in the environment, and How to control NOx emission is a worldwide concern as the utilization of fossil fuels continues to increase. Syngas is produced from variety of fossil fuels through a gasification process. Though syngas is regarded as one kind of clean fuel, its NOx emission control techniques in combustion systems still remain many problems for further development. Steam dilution of fuel is an effective method for NOx reduction in practical gas turbine systems. This paper describes the study focusing on the influence about steam dilution of fuel for reducing the NOx emission. Experimental investigations are conducted on a 40MW gas turbine fired with syngas. The pollutant emissions, combustor dynamic pressure, metal temperature distribution of liner and combustion efficiency are analyzed at the base load of gas turbine with different steam injection rate to fuel flow. Three-dimensional CFD numerical simulation of combustor according to experiment parameters is applied to investigate the influence of steam dilution on NOx emission and the combustion liner wall temperature. Comparisons are made between experiment data and CFD simulation results for further understandings about NOx formation characteristics in steam diluted syngas and its influence to gas turbine combustion system. The investigation of this paper’s work shows tha steam dilution is an effective method of NOx emission control technique in practical gas turbine combustion systems fired with syngas. The CFD simulation results show that steam in flame can remarkably reduce temperature of the flame for its high thermal capacity and it can remarkably reduce formation of NOx in gas turbine combustor. Moreover, as the steam flowrate added to fuel increase the wall temperature of some zone of liner may increase because of the convection heat transfer is strengthened and the combustion oscillation will be weaken.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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