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Development and Performance Assessment of a Soil Washing Equipment for Soil Contaminated With Radionuclide

[+] Author Affiliations
Gye-Nam Kim, Jei-Kwon Moon, Chong-Hun Jung

Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, South Korea

Paper No. ICEM2007-7198, pp. 965-969; 5 pages
  • The 11th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management
  • 11th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Parts A and B
  • Bruges, Belgium, September 2–6, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4339-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3818-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


The purpose of this study is to develop a soil washing system and to define the most suitable experimental conditions for the individual elemental equipment in a soil washing system for decontaminating the radioactive soil from around a TRIGA (Training, Research, Isotope, General Atomic) reactor in Korea. Analysis results have shown that the main radionuclides were Cs137 and Co60 , the soil particle size ranges from 0.063 mm to 1.0 mm and the radioactive concentration was the strongest in a soil particle smaller than 0.063 mm as predicted. Meanwhile, an oxalic acid was found to be the most efficient chemical agent for washing, especially of cobalt. The scrubbing time of four hours was an optimum time to obtain a removal efficiency of more than 75% for 137 Cs and 60 Co. A mixing ratio of the soil weight to the volume of the oxalic acid solution, 1:10, was observed to be the best for a washing and it was estimated to be reasonable for 2 cycles of a scrubbing with 1.0M of oxalic acid to avoid a generation of an excessive waste-solution.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Radioisotopes , Soil



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