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Hydrogeological Conceptual Model Determined From Baseline and Construction Phase Groundwater Pressure and Surface Tiltmeter Data at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, Japan

[+] Author Affiliations
Shinji Takeuchi, Ryuji Takeuchi, Walter Salden, Hiromitsu Saegusa

Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Gifu, Japan

Takashi Arai

Daiwa Geological Laboratory Ltd., Fukushima, Japan

Koji Matsuki

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Paper No. ICEM2007-7141, pp. 267-274; 8 pages
  • The 11th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management
  • 11th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management, Parts A and B
  • Bruges, Belgium, September 2–6, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Division and Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4339-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3818-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


A hydrogeological conceptual model has been developed based on pressure responses observed at multilevel pressure monitoring zones in seven boreholes and surface tilt data in and around the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory site. Pressure changes caused by some earthquakes, cross-hole hydraulic testing, and shaft excavation activities are considered. Surface tilt has been measured from the half way of the shaft excavation phase. The shaft excavation has been commenced from July 2003 with two shafts (Main shaft and Ventilation shaft). By the end of October 2005, discharging of water in the shafts has been halted at the depths of 172m and 191m respectively to allow modifications to be made to the water treatment facility due to an excess of F and B concentration in the water. This results in the recovery of the groundwater levels and filling of the underground workings. Beginning in February 2006 pumping has been resumed and the underground workings have been re-occupied. Continuous groundwater pressure and surface tilt measurements with some numerical analysis during the shaft excavation phase show the existence of the flow barrier fault predicted from the surface-based investigation phase and hydraulic parameter around the shafts.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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