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Dynamic Modeling and Simulation of an Optimized Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell System

[+] Author Affiliations
M. T. Outeiro

Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

R. Chibante

Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, Porto, Portugal

A. S. Carvalho

Oporto University, Porto, Portugal

A. T. de Almeida

Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Paper No. IMECE2007-43558, pp. 171-178; 8 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 15: Sustainable Products and Processes
  • Seattle, Washington, USA, November 11–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4309-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3812-9
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


Hydrogen and fuel cells are widely regarded as the key to energy solutions for the 21st century. These technologies will contribute significantly to a reduction in environmental impact, enhanced energy security and development of new energy industries. Fuel cells operating with hydrogen have the potential to contribute to the transition for a future sustainable energy system with low-CO2 emissions. In this paper a dynamic PEM fuel cell model, implemented in Matlab/Simulink, is presented. In order to estimate the PEM fuel cell model parameters, an optimization based approach is used. The optimization is carried out using the Simulated Annealing (SA) algorithm. This optimization process evolves converging to a minimum of the objective function. The flexibility and robustness of SA as a global search method are extremely important advantages of this method. A good agreement between experimental and simulated results is observed. This optimized PEM fuel cell model can significantly help designers of fuel cell systems by providing a tool to perform accurate design and consequently to improve system efficiency.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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