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High-Fidelity Reconstruction and Computational Modeling of Metallic Microstructure

[+] Author Affiliations
M. A. Siddiq Qidwai

Science Applications International Corporation, Washington, DC

A. B. Geltmacher, A. C. Lewis, D. J. Rowenhorst, G. Spanos

Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC

Paper No. IMECE2007-42007, pp. 77-86; 10 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 12: New Developments in Simulation Methods and Software for Engineering Applications
  • Seattle, Washington, USA, November 11–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4306-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3812-9
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


The end-objective of this research is to identify critical microstructural features in metals that precipitate plastic flow, and therefore, cause degradation of mechanical performance at higher scales. The material focus is a titanium alloy-β21s. The three-dimensional (3D) microstructure in the mesoscale range was obtained using serial sectioning, optical microscopy, electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and computerized 3D reconstruction techniques. The reconstructed volumes, comprising hundreds of beta-Ti grains, provide information on morphology and crystallography. This data was used as input into 3D finite element models to analyze the spatial evolution of state variables, such as stress, strain and crystallographic slip under simple loading conditions. Single crystal hypoelasticity and the assumption of resolved shear stress causing crystal slip were used to represent microstructural material behavior. Evolution of plastic flow with applied loading was analyzed at grain boundary interfaces where most flow occurred. Rendering of large reconstructions into faithful but lean finite element meshes was identified to be the critical issue in simulating accurate material behavior near grain boundaries, establishing definite structure-property relationships at mesoscale and reducing the computational cost.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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