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The Role of Turbulence Models for Predicting Thermal Stratification

[+] Author Affiliations
Seok-Ki Choi, Seong-O. Kim

Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea

Hoon-Ki Choi

Changwon National University, Changwon, Korea

Paper No. PVP2006-ICPVT-11-93689, pp. 1587-1597; 11 pages
  • ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference
  • Volume 4: Fluid Structure Interaction, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 23–27, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4755-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3782-3
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


A numerical study of evaluation of turbulence models for predicting the thermal stratification phenomenon is presented. The tested models are the elliptic blending model (EBM), the two-layer model, the shear stress transport model (SST) and the elliptic relaxation model (V2-f). These four turbulence models are applied to the prediction of a thermal stratification in an upper plenum of a liquid metal reactor experimented at the Japan Nuclear Cooperation (JNC). The algebraic flux model is used for treating the turbulent heat fluxes for all the models. The EBM and V2-f models predict properly the steep gradient of the temperature at the interface of the cold and hot regions which is observed in the experimental data, and the EBM and V2-f models have the capability of predicting the temporal oscillation of the temperature. The two-layer and SST models predict the diffusive temperature gradient at the interface of a thermal stratification and fail to predict a temporal oscillation of the temperature. In general the EBM predicts best the thermal stratification phenomenon in the upper plenum of the liquid metal reactor.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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