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Initiation and Arrest of Delayed Hydride Cracking in Zr-2.5Nb Tubes

[+] Author Affiliations
Young S. Kim, Sang B. Ahn, Yong M. Cheong

Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea

Paper No. PVP2006-ICPVT-11-94062, pp. 389-394; 6 pages
  • ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference
  • Volume 3: Design and Analysis
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 23–27, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4754-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3782-3
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Using Kim’s delayed hydride cracking (DHC) model, this study reanalyzes the critical temperatures for DHC initiation and arrest in Zr-2.5Nb tubes that had previously been investigated with Dutton and Puls’s DHC model. At temperatures over 180 °C along with a hydrogen concentration of over 15 ppm H, the DHC initiation in a CANDU Zr-2.5Nb tube was suppressed, which required a cooling or ΔT from the terminal solid solubility for dissolution (TSSD) temperatures. With the number of the thermal cycle increasing, the DHC initiation temperatures or Tc s gradually shifted towards the TSSD. At a hydrogen concentration as low as 7 ppm H and temperatures lower than 180 °C, a DHC initiation occurred at temperatures near the TSSD with little ΔT. Different DHC initiation temperatures with hydrogen concentrations are discussed in view of precipitation of hydrides in the zirconium matrix either by a cooling or by a stress-induced γ- to δ-hydride transformation. The DHC arrest temperatures were governed by the critical supersaturated hydrogen concentration or ΔC regardless of the thermal cycle treatment. By correlating the DHC cracking and arrest temperatures with the supersaturated hydrogen concentration or ΔC for the DHC cracking and arrest, we conclude that the ΔC arising from the hysteresis of the terminal solid solubility of hydrogen on a heat-up and on a cool-down is the driving force for the DHC.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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