Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

The Effect of the Thermal Expansion Coefficient on the Sealing Performance of Pipe Flange Connections With NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Gaskets

[+] Author Affiliations
Yoshio Takagi, Teruhisa Tatsuoka

Tokyo Electric Power Company, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Toshiyuki Sawa

Hiroshima University, Hagashihiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan

Paper No. PVP2006-ICPVT-11-93203, pp. 161-168; 8 pages
  • ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference
  • Volume 2: Computer Technology
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 23–27, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4753-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3782-3
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Due to the long-term durability and the excellent resistance to aging degradation, metal gaskets are expected to endure a longer life compared to conventional polymer gaskets. However, the nature of high elastic modulus of the metal reduces the sealing performance at interface. The authors have paid attention to the super elasticity of the shape memory alloys like Nickel-Titanium (Ni-Ti) alloy and evaluated its applicability to a gasket. In the process, leakage tests of the flange connections with Ni-Ti alloy gaskets were done and the sealing performance was evaluated with the new gasket constants and the tightness parameter proposed by PVRC (Pressure Vessel Research Council, ASME). The results revealed that Ni-Ti alloy gaskets showed a superior sealing performance to the conventional aluminum gasket. However, the thermal expansion coefficient of Ni-Ti alloy is smaller than that of stainless steel of which the flange is made. The increase in temperature of the flange like 20 °C to 40 °C accordingly induced a slight degradation of the sealing performance. In this paper, the effect of the change in temperature on the sealing performance of the pipe flange connections with Ni-Ti alloy gasket was numerically evaluated with the measured thermal expansion coefficient. Moreover, the effect of the clamped temperature on the sealing performance was evaluated taking into account the temperature dependence of the mechanical properties of Ni-Ti alloy.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In