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Novel Formulation of the Tightening and Breakaway Torque Components in Threaded Fasteners

[+] Author Affiliations
Sayed A. Nassar, Xianjie Yang

Oakland University, Rochester, MI

Paper No. PVP2006-ICPVT-11-93175, pp. 147-160; 14 pages
  • ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference
  • Volume 2: Computer Technology
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 23–27, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4753-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3782-3
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


New formulas are developed for the torque-tension relationship, various torque components, and for the break-away torque values in threaded fastener applications. The 3-D aspects of the lead helix and thread profile angles, the kinetic and static friction coefficients are all taken into account. Two scenarios of the contact pressure between threads and under the turning fastener head are considered; namely, uniform distributed and linearly distributed contact pressure scenarios. The effect of thread pitch, lead helix and thread profile angles, friction coefficients, and the fastener geometry is discussed. Results from the new formulas are compared with the approximate torque-tension relationship provided in the literature. A percent difference analysis indicates that the new formulas provide significant improvement that would enhance the reliability and safety of bolted connections, especially in critical applications.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Torque , Fasteners



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