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Computer Based Process Piping Stress Analysis: ASME B31.3 Appendix S — Example S2

[+] Author Affiliations
Don R. Edwards

ConocoPhillips, Ponca City, OK

Paper No. PVP2006-ICPVT-11-94023, pp. 489-497; 9 pages
  • ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference
  • Volume 1: Codes and Standards
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 23–27, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4752-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3782-3
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


The American Standards Association (ASA) B31.3-1959 Petroleum Refinery Piping Code [1] grew out of an ASA document that addressed all manner of fluid conveying piping systems. ASA B31.3 was created long before widespread engineering use of computer “mainframes” or even before the inception of piping stress analysis software. Also as B31.3 continued to pass thru standards organizations from ASA, ANSI, to ASME, the B31.3 Process Piping Code [2] (hereafter referred to as the “Code”) has remained ambiguous over the past few decades in several areas. The displacement stress range, SE , has always been explicitly defined by both verbiage and equation. Yet, the sustained condition(s) stress, SL , is mentioned not with an explicit equation but with a statement that the sustained stress shall be limited by the allowable stress at the corresponding operating temperature, Sh . Also one might infer from the vague verbiage in the Code that there is only one sustained condition; this would also be an incorrect inference. Also, assumptions would then have to be made as to which supports are allowed to be included in a sustained analysis based on whether the piping “lifts-off” any of the pipe supports during the corresponding operating condition. This paper describes the subtle yet possibly radical concepts that are included in the (recently approved for inclusion into) ASME B31.3-2006 Appendix S Example S2. This paper discusses: • when and in what manner the most severe set of operating temperature and pressure is to be used; • the concept of “sustained condition” and multiple “anticipated” sustained conditions; • determining the support scenario(s) for each anticipated sustained condition; • establishing the most severe sustained condition to evaluate and determine the stress due to sustained loads, SL ; • utilizing an equation with sustained stress indices to evaluate SL ; • establishing the least severe sustained condition and its effect in determining the largest displacement stress range, SE .

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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