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Moment and Friction Force in Three Dimensional Elastic Contact of Two Rectangular Rough Surfaces

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Sepehri, K. Farhang

Southern Illinois University - Carbondale, Carbondale, IL

Paper No. IMECE2007-43615, pp. 809-820; 12 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A and B
  • Seattle, Washington, USA, November 11–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4302-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3812-9
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


It is reasonable to expect that when two nominally flat rough surfaces are brought into contact by an applied resultant force, they must support, in addition to the compressive load, an induced moment. The existence of a net applied moment would imply non-even distribution of contact force so that there are more asperities in contact over one region of the nominal area. In this paper we consider the contact between two rectangular rough surfaces that provide normal and tangential contact force as well as contact moment to counteract the net moment imposed by the applied forces. The surfaces are permitted to develop slight angular misalignment and through this contact moment is derived. Through this scheme it is possible to also define elastic contribution to friction since the half-plane tangential contact force on one side of an asperity is no longer balanced by the half-plane tangential force component on the opposite side. The elastic friction force however is shown to be of a much smaller order than the contact normal force.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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