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Modeling and Analysis of Directional Control Valves With Tapered-Angle and Eccentric Clearance

[+] Author Affiliations
Shanzhong Duan, Tyler Nielsen

South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD

Paper No. IMECE2007-41668, pp. 69-74; 6 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Design, Analysis, Control and Diagnosis of Fluid Power Systems
  • Seattle, Washington, USA, November 11–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4298-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3812-9
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


Equations of motion of spool valves have been set up under ideal conditions without considering some important factors that may have a significant influence on dynamical behavior and performances of spool valves especially when valve sizes are small. In this paper, these factors are brought into considerations. One of them is the eccentric clearance existing between the spool and the sleeve of a valve due to fabrication errors. Another is the viscosity of a Newtonian fluid assumed to flow through the valve orifices, which generally results in shear forces acting on the valve spool. This paper discusses how equations of motion of spool valves are derived and solved with considerations of these factors. Concepts of Poiseuille flow and Couette flow are utilized to obtain axial forces acting on the valve spool. The resulting equations of motion of spool valves have the simple form of a second order linear ordinary differential equation under the imposed idealizations. The influences of these factors on the motion behavior of spool valves are in turn discussed.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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