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Post Healing Structural Response of an Internal Fixation System for a Mid-Shaft Radius Fracture

[+] Author Affiliations
Cameron Coates

Armstrong Atlantic State University, Savannah, GA

Camille Coates-Clark

Orange Park, FL

Mykal Woody

Savannah State University, Savannah, GA

Paper No. IMECE2007-41600, pp. 205-210; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2007-41600
From:
  • ASME 2007 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 2: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Seattle, Washington, USA, November 11–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4296-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3812-9
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Inexpensive models of the radius with and without an internal fixation system for a mid-shaft fracture are developed and analyzed using the Finite Element Method (FEM). FE models are based on geometry obtained from simple yet effective manufacturing methods. Median trabecular and cortical bone mechanical properties for a healthy adult male are used in the FEM model. These models are used to quantify the changes in bone stresses that occur when internal fixation devices are retained after the fracture has healed. The linear static responses to tensile and torsional loads with and without bone plates are examined. The static response trends obtained agree reasonably well with current literature where more expensive modeling techniques were used. A fatigue analysis is also performed based on the FE static results coupled with S-N curves for the plate and bone material in order to predict the combined mechanical response of the bone plate system over time. Recommendations are suggested which may be used as additional guidelines to consider for bone plate system selection and determination of hardware removal.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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