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Measurement of Unsteady Aerodynamics Load on the Blade of Field Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Takao Maeda, Yasunari Kamada, Keita Naito, Yuu Ouchi, Masayoshi Kozawa

Mie University, Tsu, Mie, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2007-37448, pp. 1057-1061; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2007-37448
From:
  • ASME/JSME 2007 5th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: Fora, Parts A and B
  • San Diego, California, USA, July 30–August 2, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4289-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3805-6
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

This paper describes an experimental field study of the rotor aerodynamics of wind turbines. The test wind turbine is a horizontal axis wind turbine, or: HAWT with a diameter of 10m. The pressure distributions on the rotating blade are measured with multi point pressure transducers. Sectional aerodynamic forces are analyzed from pressure distribution. Blade root moments are measured simultaneously by a pair of strain gauges. The inflow wind is measured by a three component sonic anemometer, the local inflow of the blade section are measured by a pair of 7 hole Pitot tubes. The relation between the aerodynamic moments on the blade root from pressure distribution and the mechanical moment from strain gauges is discussed. The aerodynamic moments are estimated from the sectional aerodynamic forces and show oscillation caused by local wind speed and direction change. The mechanical moment shows similar oscillation to the aerodynamic excepting the short period oscillation of the blade first mode frequency. The fluctuation of the sectional aerodynamic force triggers resonant blade oscillations. Where stall is present along the blade section, the blade’s first mode frequency is dominant. Without stall, the rotating frequency is dominant in the blade root moment.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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