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Integrated Dynamic Analysis of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
Finn Gunnar Nielsen, Tor David Hanson, Bjo̸rn Skaare

Hydro Oil & Energy Research Centre, Bergen, Norway

Paper No. OMAE2006-92291, pp. 671-679; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2006-92291
From:
  • 25th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1: Offshore Technology; Offshore Wind Energy; Ocean Research Technology; LNG Specialty Symposium
  • Hamburg, Germany, June 4–9, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4746-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3777-7
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Two different simulation models for integrated dynamic analysis of floating offshore wind turbines are described and compared with model scale experiments for the Hywind concept for floating offshore wind turbines. A variety of both environmental conditions and wind turbine control schemes are tested. A maximum power control strategy is applied for wind velocities below the rated wind speed for the wind turbine, while a constant power control strategy is achieved by controlling the rotor blade pitch for wind velocities above rated wind speed. Conventional rotor blade pitch control for wind velocities above rated wind speed introduces negative damping of the tower motion. This results in excitation of the natural frequency in pitch for the tower and may lead to unacceptable tower motions. Active damping of the undesirable tower motions is obtained by an additional pitch control algorithm based on measurement of the tower velocity.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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