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Multieffects on Mixing Quality of an Active Micromixer

[+] Author Affiliations
Thien X. Dinh, Yoshifumi Ogami

Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2007-37155, pp. 561-570; 10 pages
  • ASME/JSME 2007 5th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: Fora, Parts A and B
  • San Diego, California, USA, July 30–August 2, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4289-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3805-6
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


The convective mixing performance of an active micromixer is analyzed by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The mixer consists of a Y-shaped channel and an N-paddle (3, 4, and 5) rotor with radius R suspended in the junction of the channel. Numerical simulations are performed for a wide range of rotation speed of the rotor, ω, and mean velocity in the mixer, U. The asymptotic mixing performance is investigated by means of Lagrangian particle tracking simulation, stretching of a material line, dispersive and distributive mixing efficiencies. The results show that the mixing performance depends on the combined variable ωR/U, whereas paddle number has ignorable effects. Physically, the convective ratio of rotation speed to mean velocity governs the mixing process in the mixer. Contrastively, paddle number affects significantly to pressure loss and fluid torque exercising on the rotor. The time-averaged fluid torque depends linearly on rotation speed regardless of flow rate. Pressure loss relates linearly to flow rate, negligibly to rotation speed. It shows that a smaller paddle number produces lesser pressure loss and fluid torque for the same mixing efficiency.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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