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Rupture Behavior of Multi-Pass Welded Joints of Heat Resistant Steel Subjected to Creep Loading

[+] Author Affiliations
Masayoshi Yamazaki

National Institute for Materials Science, Tokyo, Japan

Hiromichi Hongo, Takashi Watanabe

National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Paper No. PVP2007-26536, pp. 417-423; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2007-26536
From:
  • ASME 2007 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, July 22–26, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4284-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3804-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

By Conducting long-term creep rupture tests for ferritic (2.25Cr-1Mo and 9Cr-1Mo-VNb) and austenitic (18Cr-8Ni and 16Cr-12Ni-2Mo-0.01C-0.07N) heat resistant steel multi-pass welded joints, creep rupture behavior and microstructures were examined. Constant-load creep rupture tests were conducted at 550 and 600 °C up to about 30,000h. Viewpoint in this study was centered on the influence of microstructure on the fracture location of welded joints in heat resistant steels. The results obtained are as follows; 1. The rupture location of the welded joint in austenitic heat resistant steel was found to shift from the base metal at the higher stress condition to the weld metal at lower stress condition at 550 and 600 °C. 2. In the welded joint of austenitic heat resistant steels, the last layer of weld metal showed considerably lager creep strain than the central layers of weld metal. 3. The rupture location of the welded joint in ferritic heat resistant steel was found to shift from the base metal or weld metal at the higher stress condition to the fine-grained HAZ adjacent to the base metal at lower stress condition at 550 and 600 °C. 4. Type IV creep crack initiation occurred in the fine grained HAZ region adjacent to the base metal for the weld metal pass overlap regions of multi-pass large welded joints specimen in 2.25Cr-1Mo steel. 5. Type IV creep crack of the 9Cr-1Mo-V-Nb welded joint nucleated in the curved part of the groove angle and propagated to the top part of the V-groove. It was found that the voids and cracks were initiated inside the plate thickness.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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