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The Relationship Between Engineering Design and Information and Knowledge

[+] Author Affiliations
S. J. Culley, C. A. McMahon

University of Bath, Bath, UK

Paper No. DETC2006-99739, pp. 1017-1027; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2006-99739
From:
  • ASME 2006 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4c: 3rd Symposium on International Design and Design Education
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, September 10–13, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4258-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3784-X
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The design of most engineering artefacts is based on that of previous artefacts of the same type. Indeed, in much of engineering, effort is concentrated on the development of broadly standard design patterns — consider for example the design of buildings, bridges, electrical equipment, production machines, engines and vehicles of all descriptions. Engineering knowledge develops through innovation and experiment in design, and through research, development and test programmes. Given that much product development occurs in such patterns, engineering organisations need guidelines concerning the size, frequency and direction of the changes that develop the design. Such guidelines will allow organisations to judge where to devote research and development effort, and when to adopt more or less radical product design strategies. Knowledge of the likely areas in which product development will be most dynamic mill also allow an organisation to choose the level of design support and automation that may be possible though computer-aided design tools. This paper mill address each of these issues by presenting a consideration of the ways that new designs are created and then how design information and knowledge can be considered and handled to support these stages. This paper is based on an analysis of work from across the globe to enable a view of the relationship between these issues.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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