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Investigation Into the Utilization of Peanut Fibers in Nonwovens

[+] Author Affiliations
Nicole Bieak

Auburn University, Auburn, AL

Brian R. George

Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA

Paper No. IMECE2003-43984, pp. 11-17; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2003-43984
From:
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Textile Engineering
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Textile Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3729-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Peanuts are one of the leading food crops produced in the United States today. One of the problems of peanut production is disposal of the shells, or hulls, of the peanut, which are generally landfilled. The current research focused on obtaining fibers from the shells, characterizing them, and creating nonwoven fabrics containing these fibers, which were also characterized. The fibers obtained ranged in length from 0.6 cm to 6.3 cm, and were generally stiff. Wet laid nonwovens were produced and a variety of bonding methods such as needlepunching and latex bonding were performed. Latex bonding gave the best results, and the resulting fabrics were characterized in terms of strength, moisture, and light penetration, and thermal insulation capability. The fabrics had similar light and moisture penetration properties as some commercially available erosion control fabrics and thus may be suitable for this purpose. The fabrics also retained some heat, and may be suitable for insulation purpose.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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