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Cavitating Flow of Liquid Nitrogen in Horizontal Rectangular Nozzle

[+] Author Affiliations
Jun Ishimoto

Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan

Masahiro Onishi, Takashi Tokumasu, Kenjiro Kamijo

Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2003-41250, pp. 95-104; 10 pages
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Process Industries
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Process Industries Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3725-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


The fundamental characteristics of the two-dimensional cavitating flow of liquid nitrogen through a horizontal rectangular nozzle are numerically and experimentally investigated to realize the further development and high performance of new multiphase cryogenic fluid applications. First, the governing equations of the cavitating flow of liquid nitrogen based on the unsteady thermal nonequilibrium two-fluid model are presented, and several flow characteristics are numerically calculated, taken into account the thermodynamic effect of cryogenic conditions. Next, the flow visualization measurement on unsteady cavitating flow of liquid nitrogen through a rectangular nozzle installed in a horizontal duct is carried out to clarify the basic cryogenic two-phase flow structure and fundamental characteristics of the transient growth process of cryogenic cloud cavitation.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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