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Application of a CFD-Based Program for the Optimization of a Centrifugal Impeller

[+] Author Affiliations
Simone Pazzi, Francesco Martelli

Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

Marco Giachi, Michela Testa

Nuovo Pignone – GE, Firenze, Italy

Paper No. IMECE2003-55220, pp. 53-60; 8 pages
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Process Industries
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Process Industries Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3725-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


A typical centrifugal impeller characterized by a low flow coefficient and cylindrical blades is redesigned by means of an intelligent automatic search program. The procedure consists of a Feasible Sequential Quadratic Programming (FSQP) algorithm [6] coupled to a Lazy Learning (LL) interpolator [1] to speed-up the process. The program is able to handle geometrical constraints to reduce the computational effort devoted to the analysis of non-physical configurations. The objective function evaluator is an in-house developed structured CFD code. The LL approximator is called each time the stored database can provide a sufficiently accurate performance estimate for a given geometry, thus reducing the effective CFD computations. The impeller is represented by 25 geometrical parameters describing the vane in the meridional and s-θ planes, the blade thickness and the leading edge shape. The optimisation is carried out on the impeller design point maximizing the polytropic efficiency with more or less constant flow coefficient and polytropic head. The optimization is accomplished keeping unaltered those geometrical parameters which have to be kept fixed in order to make the impeller fit the original stage. The optimisation, carried out on a cluster of sixteen PCs, is self-learning and leads to a geometry presenting an increased design point efficiency. The program is completely general and can be applied to any component which can be described by a finite number of geometrical parameters and computed by any numerical instrument to provide performance indices. The work presented in this paper has been developed inside the METHOD EC funded project for the implementation of new technologies for optimisation of centrifugal compressors.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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