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Investigation of the Spark Cycle Effect on Material Removal Rate in Wire Electrical Discharge Machining

[+] Author Affiliations
Scott F. Miller

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

Albert J. Shih

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. IMECE2003-41850, pp. 49-54; 6 pages
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Manufacturing
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3720-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


The development of new, advanced engineering materials and the needs for precise and flexible prototype and low-volume production have made wire electrical discharge machining (EDM) an important manufacturing process to meet such demand. This research investigates the effect of spark on-time duration and spark on-time ratio, two important EDM process parameters, on the material removal rate (MRR) and surface integrity of four types of advanced material: porous metal foams, metal bond diamond grinding wheels, sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets, and carbon-carbon bipolar plates. An experimental procedure was developed. During the wire EDM, five types of constraints on the MRR due to short circuit, wire breakage, machine slide speed limit, and spark on-time upper and lower limits have been identified. An envelope of feasible EDM process parameters is created and compared across different work-materials. Applications of such process envelope to select process parameters for maximum MRR and for machining of micro features are presented.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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