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Conjugate Computation of Transient Flow and Heat and Mass Transfer Between Humid Air and Desiccant Plates and Channels

[+] Author Affiliations
Hassan S. Al-Sharqawi, Noam Lior

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Paper No. IMECE2003-41890, pp. 263-275; 13 pages
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 4
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3718-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


This is a numerical study of dehumidification of humid air in laminar and turbulent flows (333 ≤ Re ≤ 6000) over desiccant-(silica gel)-lined finite flat plates and in channels. The problem is treated as conjugate flow, heat, and mass transfer, and solved by using a finite control volume method. The effects of the plate thickness (3 ≤ b ≤ 7 mm), the Reynolds number (333 ≤ Re ≤ 3333) and the turbulence intensity (1 ≤ TI ≤ 10%) on the dehumidification process were investigated. The results show that increasing the desiccant plate thickness decreases the heat and mass transfer coefficients by 25% and 22% at t = 10 s and x = 0.11 m, respectively, in comparison to a thin plate. Mass transport rates increase with Re, e.g., at t = 20 s, Wave increases by 50% as Re is increased 10-fold from 333 to 3333. Turbulent flow in channel desiccants increase the rate of dehumidification, e.g., an increase in Re from 600 (laminar) to 6000 (turbulent) results in an increase in Wave by 22% at t = 20 s. Also, increasing the turbulence intensity from 1% to 10% increase Wave by 7%.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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