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A Validated CFD Methodology to Obtain the Total Pressure Loss Coefficients in Internal Compressible Flow at Junctions

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Pérez-García, E. Sanmiguel-Rojas, J. Hernández-Grau, A. Viedma

Technical University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Spain

Paper No. ESDA2006-95073, pp. 633-642; 10 pages
  • ASME 8th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis
  • Volume 2: Automotive Systems, Bioengineering and Biomedical Technology, Fluids Engineering, Maintenance Engineering and Non-Destructive Evaluation, and Nanotechnology
  • Torino, Italy, July 4–7, 2006
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4249-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3779-3
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


A global methodology has been developed and validated to obtain the total pressure loss coefficient in internal compressible flow at T-type junctions. This methodology is based on the calculation of the thermo-fluid properties extrapolated to the branch axes intersection, once the straight pipe friction losses numerically calculated have been subtracted from the total energy losses. For this purpose, a steady adiabatic compressible one-dimensional flow with friction mathematical model has been applied to the results obtained by numerical simulation using the commercial finite volume code FLUENT. A 90 degree T-type junction has been studied and the predicted loss coefficient has been related to the extrapolated Mach number in the common branch and to the mass flow rate ratio between branches at different flow configurations, in both combining and dividing flows. The numerical results have been compared with experimental results and published data in open literature. In general, a good agreement is obtained. The correlations obtained will be applied as boundary condition in one-dimensional global simulation models of fluid systems in which these components are present.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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