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Computational and Neuro-Fuzzy Study of the Effect of Small Objects on the Flow and Thermal Fields of Bluff Bodies

[+] Author Affiliations
Ahmed F. Abdel Gawad

Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Paper No. ESDA2006-95011, pp. 613-622; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ESDA2006-95011
From:
  • ASME 8th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis
  • Volume 2: Automotive Systems, Bioengineering and Biomedical Technology, Fluids Engineering, Maintenance Engineering and Non-Destructive Evaluation, and Nanotechnology
  • Torino, Italy, July 4–7, 2006
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4249-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3779-3
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The aim of the present study is to find computationally the optimum parameters that affect the drag reduction of bluff bodies using a small object (obstacle). These parameters include the size of the obstacle as well as the gap between the obstacle and the bluff body. Two- and three-dimensional bodies were investigated in turbulent flow fields. The research was focused on the cases of the rectangular-section obstacle. Four values of the obstacle size were studied, namely: 4%, 10%, 35%, and 100% of the size of the bluff body. The effect of the obstacle on the thermal field of the two-dimensional body was also studied. Comparisons were carried out with the available experimental measurements. A proposed neuro-fuzzy approach was used to predict the drag reduction of the entire system. Results showed that system drag reductions up to 62% (two-dimensional flows) and 48% (three-dimensional flows) can be obtained. Also, enhancement of the body cooling up to 75% (two-dimensional flows) may be achieved. Generally, useful comments and suggestions are stated.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Flow (Dynamics)

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