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Modeling of the Indian Ocean Tsunami

[+] Author Affiliations
Manasa Ranjan Behera, K. Murali, V. Sundar

Indian Institute of Technology - Madras, Chennai, India

Paper No. OMAE2007-29691, pp. 825-832; 8 pages
  • ASME 2007 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 4: Materials Technology; Ocean Engineering
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 10–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4270-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3799-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


Shallow Water Equations are solved using an Unstructured Explicit Finite Element Method (UEFEM) to simulate long waves in the ocean. The formulation of the UEFEM has been described and found to be computationally efficient for large problems such as basin level modeling of tsunamis. Different domains have been considered to simulate the propagation of the waves due to an artificially imposed initial disturbance. The domain of Bay of Bengal has been considered for simulation with an initial disturbance which resembles the type and location of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. The Wave elevation and deformations as well as time of travel of tsunami are reproduced. The method hence has high potential of being attractive for application of simulation of global tsunamis.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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