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Sour Service Corrosion Fatigue Testing of Flowline Welds

[+] Author Affiliations
Fraser McMaster, Hugh Thompson, Michelle Zhang

Chevron Energy Technology Company, Houston, TX

David Walters, Jonathan Bowman

2H Offshore, Inc., Houston, TX

Paper No. OMAE2007-29060, pp. 27-35; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2007-29060
From:
  • ASME 2007 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 4: Materials Technology; Ocean Engineering
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 10–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4270-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3799-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

An examination of the corrosion-fatigue behavior of production quality welds in X65-type pipes was performed. Due to the low cycle operational nature of the production flowline system, the fatigue test frequency was substantially lower (0.01Hz vs. 0.33Hz) than typically utilized during corrosion-fatigue testing. Also the tests were performed at higher stress ranges than previous sour service fatigue tests, which to date have targeted riser fatigue loading regimes. Stress-life (S-N) samples were removed from segments of pipe with outside diameters of 10.75 inch (wall thickness of 1.30 inch) and 9.625 inch (wall thickness of 1.26 inch) containing fully inspected, production-quality circumferential welds. Environments examined included laboratory air conditions as well as deoxygenated brine supplemented by a gas mix of H2 S and N2 . For all environmental tests performed, the dissolved oxygen levels were maintained at less than 10 ppb during all testing. The measured fatigue life decrease in the curved pipe segments was in the range of 8–110 times due to the combined effect of the material and fluid property variables examined. The results of this work clearly illustrated the impact of sour-service corrosion fatigue, in welded carbon steel pipes, to the multitude of variables involved. Nevertheless, the foregoing experimental work clearly demonstrated the importance of performing environmental relevant testing when considering material and process selection for offshore applications.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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