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Finite Element Validation Studies of BS7910 FAD Method Applied to Welded SHS Joints

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhengmao Yang, Seng Tjhen Lie

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Wie Min Gho

ABS Pacific, Alexandra Point, Singapore

Paper No. OMAE2007-29050, pp. 3-9; 7 pages
  • ASME 2007 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 4: Materials Technology; Ocean Engineering
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 10–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4270-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3799-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


The failure assessment diagram (FAD) has now been widely accepted and used for the assessment of defects found in metallic structures. In BS7910 (2005), the use of this method for offshore structures has been validated for a range of joint geometries. But these validations are only applicable for circular hollow section (CHS) welded joints. For rectangular or square hollow section (RHS or SHS) joints, there are very few references available in the literature. In this paper, systematic investigations have been carried out for the validation and verification of the FAD curves for SHS T-joints. FAD curves for a wide range of welded SHS T-joints containing surface cracks have been established using the fracture mechanics data generated from the finite element analyses. The range of β ratio of these joints is from 0.3 to 0.8. Therefore, the failure mode is constrained in the chord face yielding. The influence of residual stresses on the plastic collapse load and the FAD curves has also been analyzed. The reduction factor used to calculate the plastic collapse load of the SHS T-joints containing cracks have been quantitatively examined, and the use of the BS7910 (2005) Level 2A FAD for SHS joints containing surface cracks has been validated accordingly.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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