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Effects of 3-D Local Unsteadiness on Heat Transfer Prediction in Turbulated Passages

[+] Author Affiliations
Pamela A. McDowell, William D. York, D. Keith Walters, James H. Leylek

Clemson University, Clemson, SC

Paper No. IMECE2003-42268, pp. 107-118; 12 pages
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 2
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3718-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


A newly developed unsteady turbulence model was used to predict heat transfer in a turbulated passage typical of turbine airfoil cooling applications. Comparison of fullyconverged computational solutions to experimental measurements reveal that accurate prediction of heat transfer coefficient requires the effects of local small-scale unsteadiness to be captured. Validation was accomplished through comparison of the time- and area-averaged Nusselt number on the passage wall between adjacent ribs with experimental data from the open literature. The straight channel had a square cross-sectional area with multiple rows of staggered and rounded-edge ribs on opposite walls that were orthogonal to the flow. Simulations were run for Reynolds numbers of 5500, 16500, and 25000. Computational solutions were obtained on a multi-block, multi-topology, unstructured, and adaptive grid, using a pressure-correction based, fully-implicit Navier-Stokes solver. The computational results include two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) steady and unsteady simulations with viscous sublayers resolved (y+ ≤ 1) on all the walls in every case. Turbulence closure was obtained using a new turbulence model developed in-house for the unsteady simulations, and a realizable k-ε turbulence model was used for the steady simulations. The results obtained from the unsteady simulations show greatly improved agreement with the experimental data, especially at realistically high Reynolds numbers. The key 3-D physics mechanisms responsible for the successful outcome include: (1) shear layer roll-up over the turbulators; (2) recirculation zones both upstream and downstream of the rib faces; and (3) reattachment regions between each rib pair. Results from the unsteady case are superior to those of the steady because they capture the aforementioned mechanisms, and therefore more accurately predict the heat transfer.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Heat transfer



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